Defined by the American Physical Therapy Association as:
A dynamic profession with an established theoretical and scientific base and widespread clinical applications in the restoration, maintenance, and promotion of optimal physical function. Physical Therapists diagnose and manage movement dysfunction and enhance physical and functional abilities. Physical Therapy restores maintains, and promotes optimal physical function and wellness and optimal quality of life as it relates to movement and health. Finally, Physical Therapy prevents the onset, symptoms, and progression of impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities that may result from disease, disorder, or injuries.
A Physical Therapy (PT) evaluation consists of the physical examination of an affected anatomical structure covering the musculoskeletal and neurological system by a licensed Physical Therapist. During a PT evaluation, it is the attempt to reproduce the symptoms that cause the patient's pain and/or dysfunction and then provide explanation as to the cause of the problem. The patient will receive a thorough examination of the affected and surrounding areas.
- MANUAL THERAPY: The hands on evaluation and treatment of a patient through skilled passive movement to the joints and surrounding tissue. Manual therapy techniques can include deep tissue mobilization and joint mobilization/manipulation and myofascial release.
- THERAPEUTIC EXERCISE: An exercise program, supervised by a Physical Therapist, emphasizing specific muscle flexibility or strengthening activities that will improve function or decrease pain. The exercise program will consist of manual resistance from the Physical Therapist, free weights, or machines.
Physical Therapy rehabilitation aimed at the athletic population with the goal of returning to the individual's given sport. With Sports PT, the objective is to progress the individual's muscle strength to improve agility, endurance, and the power properties of the muscle. The patient will be advised on the activities to be performed during the organized sport practice and how it will effect his/her post injury or post surgical rehabilitation.
- SPINAL REHABILITATION: Low Back Pain is an ailment that affects 70% of the American population at some time in their lives. Rehabilitation of the cervical and/or lumbar spine can require the use of manual therapy and/or the use of stabilization concepts.
- SPINAL STABILITY: Stabilization programs focus on restoring the natural function neuromuscular control of the musculature of the cervical or lumbar spine. Various muscles of the spine serve to stabilize each vertebra upon the next. Low back pain can ensue when the stabilization muscle groups weaken and require the larger muscles of the spine to overcompensate, placing increased stress on the spine. Establishing an appropriate therapeutic exercise program for the activation of these stabilization muscles will therefore alleviate the stress placed upon the spinal structures.
- TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION (TMD): The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a synovial joint that connects the jaw to the cranium and is responsible for opening and closing the jaw. Symptoms of TMD can include pain and/or ringing in the ears, headaches, dizziness, clicking/popping of the jaw, neck pain, and difficulties with functional tasks such as eating and talking. TMD can arise from poor posture, poor occlusion (coming together of the teeth), or trauma to the joint including motor vehicle accidents. Physical Therapy interventions may include a postural assessment, manual therapy to increase joint mobility of the TMJ and cervical spine, stability exercises of the TMJ and cervical spine, and modalities when indicated.
- WOMENS HEALTH: The evaluation and treatment of lumbopelvic conditions that include incontinence, pelvic pain, and limitations due to pregnancy.
- INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE:
- WORK CONDITIONING: A program simulating work related tasks for a 2-4 hour increment in time